Unit 2 Paper 2 Questions
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Module 1 - Population Studies
1. Discuss the Malthusian theory of population with respect to Caribbean demographic changes.
2. A large working class ensure a reserve army of labour. Discuss the relvance of this assumption with reference to any named Caribbean society.
3. Caribbean societies are currently in stage five of the demographic transition according to Jamaican demographer George Roberts. Evaluate the pros and cons of Roberts Caribbean demographic transition theory.
4. "The Caribbean is characterised by a dual sex labour market". Critically examine this statement with reference to Caribbean territories.
5. The Caribbean region has been noted to be an area of high levels of migration. With reference to One or Several Caribbean territories, discuss this view.
6. Caribbean development has been hindered by cultural resistance. With reference to any named Caribbean territory highlight the merits and de-merits of this assertion.
7. Can fertility control measures contribute to enhanced socio-economic development in Caribbean territories?
8. Caribbean political leaders such as Sir Grantley Adams (Barbados), Sir Norman Manley (Jamaica)and Dr. Eric Williams(Trinidad) believed in the principle of enhancing Human Capital. Assess the advantages and disadvantages of the Human Capital theory in its application to Caribbean societies.
9. Can the age-sex composition of a population influence its potential for development?
10. Neo-Malthusian theory can be used as an effective policy for population control in the Caribbean. Evaluate this assumption.
11. Critically assess the demographic perspectives of Karl Marx and Thomas Malthus with respect to population growth.
12. With reference to at least ONE society, outline and assess ONE of the following population theories:
b. Marx's theory of population
c. The Demographic Transition theory
13. What is the demographic perspective?
Module 2 - Social Order, Social Control & Deviance
1. Deviance is functional for Caribbean societies. Discuss this assumption with reference to any Named Caribbean territory.
2. Using Merton's Strain Theory, assess the view that increased pressure for individuals to achieve in Caribbean societies contributes to the increasing growth of crime and deviance, in these territories.
3. Caribbean working-class males are more likely to be arrested, tried and imprisoned, as opposed to males from the higher status groups. Evaluate this claim.
4. Criminal behaviour is NOT innate, it is learned! Critically evaluate this statement.
5. With reference to Travis Hirschi's social control theory, discuss the factors that contributes to deviant behaviour. Make reference to Caribbean cases wherever possible.
6. In the Caribbean there is a subculture of delinquency. With reference to any named Caribbean territory, present arguments for and against this assumption.
7. "The illegitimate opportunity structure is more readily available as an option for achievement in comparison to the legitimate opportunity structure in the Caribbean". Using any ONE named Caribbean state/territory, discuss the validity of this statement.
8. To what extent do informal controls deter an individual from engaging in deviant acts?
10. In the Caribbean, imprisonment as a form of punishment has failed to change the individual. Thus other alternative measures should be introduced to curtail the rising incidence of crime. Evaluate this statement citing relevant sociological theories to support your arguments.
11. "Crime is functional for society"! Evaluate this claim.
12. "The lack of access to the 'legitimate opportunity structure' is the major contributing factor to crime and deviance in modern capitalist societies". Discuss.
13. Assess the notion that there is a strong correlation between gender and criminality!
14. Does ethnicity predispose an individual towards criminality? Discuss.
15. "Crime trends for the Caribbean region has increased since independence" (Caribbean HDR 2012). Using ONE named Caribbean territory and appropriate theory, assess the factors which may account for the increase in criminal activity in the Caribbean.
16. There has been a general decline in the perception of security amongst inhabitants of the Caribbean. Evaluate this statement with reference to relevant socialogical theory and empirical evidence.
17. Increasingly there has been a trend toward exposing and investigating high ranking officials, involved in white collar crime.
With reference to relevant sociological and empirical data, dis cuss the view that - White collar crime has increased in the Caribbean over the past 50 years.
Module 3 - Social Development & Poverty
1. Can Rostow's economic perspective be adequately applied to the Caribbean in explaining how these societies developed?
2. Assess Immanuel Wallerstien's dependency theory and its applicability the Caribbean.
3.To what extent can it be argued that Sir Arthur Lewis policy of Industrialization by Invitation aided in the development of the British West Indies?
4. "Urbanization contributes to the increasing productivity and economic growth, which leads to improved quality of life for all members of society". Using the appropriate sociological theories discuss the advantages and disadvantages of urbanization.
5. Using ONE named Carribean territory, assess the extent to which Caribbean Tourism has aided in the development of Caribbean states.
6. Is it true to state that Poverty in the Caribbean is the result of the failure of governments to allocate resources equitably?
7. Assess the effectiveness of poverty alleviation strategies in any ONE named Caribbean territory.
8. To what extent are women and the elderly more vulnerable to poverty in the Caribbean than other social groups?
9. With reference to the unilinear theory of development discuss its suitability to explaining the development of Caribbean territories.
10. Neo-Marxist dependency theories are best suited to explaining the process of underdevelopment in Caribbean territories. Discuss.